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An African safari isn’t your typical travel experience. It can be life-changing and is truly unlike anything else. Tanzania is arguably the best safari destination in the world. It’s the largest country in East Africa and is made up of amazing landscapes and diverse ecosystems. Seeing African animals in the wild is an incredible experience, but it can also be an intimidating one. There are so many unknowns for a first-time safari-goer. Don’t let that deter you from checking this magical experience off your bucket list though. I began planning my trip to Tanzania months in advance and as time went by and my safari quickly approached, I was both excited and somewhat nervous. I had done a fair amount of research but was left with so many questions. Here is everything I learned and what to expect on safari in Tanzania:
Most safari companies in Tanzania are based out of Arusha. Arusha is one of Tanzania’s largest cities and you will most likely spend a night there before/after your safari. The closest airport to Arusha is Kilimanjaro International Airport (KIA), which is located about 45 km away. I traveled to Arusha from Nairobi, Kenya on an early flight the morning of my safari. If you are traveling a long distance, though, I would advise arriving in Arusha the day before your safari so you will be well-rested for your adventure.
Our safari operator, Gosheni Safaris met us upon arrival at the airport. However, they will happily pick you up from your hotel in Arusha. We made a quick stop at their office to complete some paperwork, met our guide, and we were on the road by 10 am. The drive to our first destination, Tarangire National Park, was a long but beautiful one. It took a little over three hours but the scenery was gorgeous and I enjoyed seeing what life was like in the towns we passed through.
The Big Five
You will hear a lot about the Big Five leading up to and on your safari in Tanzania. The term Big Five originally came about during the days of big game hunting and refers to the five most difficult animals to hunt on foot. Today they are the most sought after photographic safari sightings. The Big Five include the lion, leopard, elephant, rhinoceros, and buffalo. Our guide, Zebby was amazing. I don’t know how he did it, but he was able to spot animals from what seemed like miles away. He was also very knowledgeable about each one and I was able to learn a lot from him. I saw four of the Big Five within the first two days of my safari and on the fourth day, I was able to see the fifth and most difficult, the rhinoceros.
The Big Five may be the most popular with safari-goers, but I found many of Tanzania’s other animals just as beautiful and fascinating. Some others that you can expect to see are giraffes, hyenas, hippos, wildebeest, warthogs, jackals, zebras, cheetahs, gazelles, crocodiles, monkeys, many beautiful bird species and the list goes on. Everywhere I looked there was animal life. Sit back, enjoy it and try not to worry too much about seeing the Big Five.
A game drive is the most popular way to see wildlife and will be the highlight of your safari. As the name suggests, a game drive is when you go on a drive in search of game, or wildlife. A vehicle will be taken out each day of your safari and you will drive through the parks in search of all sorts of incredible creatures. Each day of your safari will likely include a morning and afternoon drive. If you are on a private safari, the length of a game drive can vary and is ultimately up to you. I recommend that you take full advantage of this and spend as much time as you can in the parks.
Our game drives with Gosheni Safaris lasted the majority of the day. They started at roughly 8 a.m. and ended at dusk, with a short break for lunch. They were long days, but also amazing ones and went by surprisingly quick. You can expect to be in the vehicle for most of the day. Some of the parks have designated picnic areas, but in many parts, it is just not safe to roam about on foot due to the amount of wildlife. Make sure you bring a camera and binoculars on your drives!
I chose to book a private safari with Gosheni. My friend and I wanted a somewhat more personal experience and didn’t want to feel the constraints of a group tour. We also wanted to be comfortable on our drives. Our safari vehicle was a newer Toyota Landcruiser. It was clean, well kept and very roomy. Being that it was just the two of us, we had a lot of space to move about the vehicle. The Landcruiser had large windows on both sides of the vehicle and a roof that popped up, making it easy to get great photos and that perfect angle. It was also equipped with a power inverter to charge electronics and a cooler stocked with bottled water.
There are a variety of safari accommodations available that include campgrounds, budget lodges, and luxury lodges. Most safari operators have existing relationships with certain lodges and camps and will provide you with a handful of options to choose from upon booking. You won’t find yourself with a lot of down-time while on safari, so where you stay isn’t of the utmost importance. I chose a mid-luxury safari with Gosheni, which included a mix of budget and luxury camps/lodges. All of my accommodations were clean and comfortable, surrounded by gorgeous landscapes, and had an extremely hospitable staff. Everyone I encountered was friendly and went out of their way to make my stay the best possible.
Each day of my safari was spent at a different park so I changed lodges daily. As soon as it would start to get dark, we would end our game drive for the day and head to the lodge. We would usually arrive close to 6 pm. Game drives can be very dusty, especially when it’s dry out and you’ll definitely want a shower before dinner. The days can be exhausting and I spent most of my nights, relaxing for a bit before falling asleep early. If you do find yourself with downtime, some of the lodges have pools and spas.
Most of the lodges provide a buffet-style breakfast and dinner. They were all pretty tasty, with some being better than others. The lodges also supply a box lunch to take on your game drives each day. The box lunches are simple foods that can last hours while in a vehicle. I recommend eating a filling and healthy breakfast.
The Safari Circuits
Tanzania is home to many beautiful national parks and game reserves. The safari circuit is so large and has so much to choose from that it has been split into two circuits: the Northern Circuit and the Southern Circuit. The Northern Circuit includes the world-famous Serengeti National Park and Ngorongoro Crater as well as the lesser-known Tarangire National Park and Lake Manyara National Park. The Northern Circuit is the more popular circuit with travelers, mainly due to its large concentrations of wildlife. The Big Five can be spotted within the Northern Circuit and during certain months it’s possible to see the Great Migration, the movement of millions of wildebeest and hundreds of thousands of zebra.
The Southern Circuit is closer to Tanzania’s southern border and the city of Dar Es Salaam. It includes Selous Game Reserve, Ruaha National Park, Katavi National Park, and Mahale National Park. The Southern circuit is much more remote than the Northern. Many of the parks are not accessible by road and can only be reached by plane. For this reason, there are far fewer visitors and it’s a much more intimate safari experience. There are more walking safaris offered on the Southern Circuit; however, it is not possible to see all of the Big Five.
I decided on the Northern Circuit and booked a five-day/four-night safari with Gosheni. The best parks to visit are largely determined by the season. Gosheni can customize your safari to your liking but will also gladly assist you in choosing which parks to visit. I wanted to see as much as I could in the short amount of time that I had. This meant game drives in four different areas, one on each day and the last day spent returning to Arusha. Although I probably could have seen a sufficient amount of wildlife within two of Tanzania’s parks, I’m really glad I got to experience a handful of them. Each park is different and special in its own way. I traveled to Tanzania near the end of February and visited the following parks/reserves:
Tarangire National Park
Tarangire National Park is located in Tanzania’s Manyara Region and is located just a few hours from Arusha. It is one of Tanzania’s most underrated parks and is a must-do on any Northern Circuit itinerary. The park is named after the Tarangire River that runs through the park. The Tarangire River is the primary source of water for wildlife during the dry season and thousands of animals migrate to the park from surrounding areas. The wildlife viewing is great year-round though.
Tarangire is heavily vegetated and is one of the greener parks. It’s a beautiful area made up of river valley and swamps and is famous for its elephants and baobab trees. Tarangire has the largest concentration of elephants in the world. There were literally elephants everywhere. I was also able to see lions, giraffes, monkeys, and baboons. Tarangire often gets skipped over for the more well known Serengeti, but I really can’t recommend it enough. It’s a much more quiet and peaceful park and was absolutely stunning. It was the perfect way to spend the first day of safari.
Serengeti National Park
Serengeti National Park is located in northwest Tanzania and is the country’s oldest and most well-known park. It is a large park, occupying 5,700 sq miles and is famous for its beautiful grassland plains and annual wildebeest migration. The large park is divided into five regions: Central Serengeti, Western Corridor, Northern Serengeti, Southern Serengeti, and Eastern Serengeti. The Southern and Central regions are the most popular and are where I spent my time. Although it is possible to see all of the Big Five in the Serengeti, it can be difficult.
My second day of safari was spent in the southern region. I visited this area in hopes of seeing the Wildebeest migration. Not only did we see tons of wildebeests, but lots of big cats (lions and cheetahs) and zebras as well. It was a great day. There weren’t many other people out in the area and we were really able to get close to many animals. The third day was spent in Central Serengeti. We spotted the difficult-to-find leopard here, in addition to hyenas, gazelles, antelope, and even a desert tortoise.
Ngorongoro Conservation Area
The Ngorongoro Conservation Area is a protected area and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979. It’s named after the Ngorongoro Crater, the highlight of the area. The crater is the world’s largest inactive and intact volcanic caldera. It was formed about 2.5 million years ago when the cone of a large active volcano collapsed. Today, its nutrient-rich floor is the perfect place for one of the world’s densest animal populations. The caldera measures 10-12 miles wide and is mostly open grassland, making it the ideal place for wildebeest and zebra to graze. The crater has approximately 25,000 large animals, including twenty-six black rhinoceros and a large lion population. Above the crater, within the surrounding conservation area, the Maasai tribe and can be seen wandering the roads and small villages dot the landscape. Although people are permitted to live on the land here, they can not own it. The area is absolutely gorgeous. Our last day of safari was spent exploring the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. It’s very much possible to see the Big Five within the carter. The rhino is the most difficult to find, but with the help of our great guide, we were able to spot two. You can also expect to see all the previously mentioned animals plus hippos and buffalo.
All of the parks we visited on safari were nothing short of amazing. I don’t think one can go wrong when choosing a safari location in Tanzania. The country is absolutely stunning and I truly had the best travel experience to date. Gosheni made my safari really special and I can’t recommend them enough. I will definitely return one day, hopefully, sooner than later. Hopefully, you now have a better idea of what to expect on a safari in Tanzania. If you don’t know where to begin in preparing for your safari and could use some assistance, continue to my post, “How to Pack and Prepare for an African Safari.”